The ethics of death




Comparing traditional Christianity and philosophy (also rodya his religion), the Enlightenment, rodonachalnitsu Western rationalism, American historian Crane Brinton said unexpectedly large number of parallels between them. These parallels are clearly outlined in the work of Carl Becker "heavenly city of philosophers XVIII Century." Becker main thesis is that the Enlightenment faith is just as certain eschatology as Christianity. She pointed to a looming paradise as the ultimate goal of our earthly travails. However, the heavenly city of XVIII century there on the ground. Yet it - the future of the case, even though the near... Such a future does not fit in our lives. It is also true that people will enjoy them in the flesh. But remember that the resurrection and heavenly bliss in the flesh - an integral part of Christian teaching. In the specific details of this paradise does not include costs. Maybe prosveschenchesky heaven is a better material, less spiritual than the Christian heaven. But the characteristic of both religions extinction of evil and futility. The soul - and body! - Bliss, and that in another paradise. Many Christians (duhovnoproritsatelnym most of them), all this may seem a caricature of their paradise. Their paradise - it is indescribable ecstasy, and not merely the absence of evil. But whatever their mystical goal, a man of this world, this paradise seems repression, the cancellation of all, what is worth living. The average is a Christian paradise - just for some unknown bliss, an end to the struggle, the satisfaction of desires. In both faiths final result being determined by force, more powerful than the power of any individual. People can understand the intentions of the forces that can adapt to them. More than that, they must do so if they want to get to paradise. Change, however, these designs can not. In other words, the two religions - and the Christian and prosveschencheskaya - based on prejudice. In practice, they soften this election for the individual ethics of the struggle for good against evil, ethics, which gives a person at least the illusion of personal freedom. The Christian concept of grace has its parallels in the person of a philosophical mind, the notion of redemption - in the face of philosophical education, even in areas such as organization and ritual parallels begs themselves. This is particularly noticeable in the early period of the French Revolution of 1789, when the Jacobin clubs, the new medium of faith, began to imitate the very caricature Christian rites. In those days, were established republican horaly, processions, celebrations of love, catechisms, even the Republican cross the sign. "

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