The ethics of death




The French Revolution, of course, morally devalued the concept of death, although to a "domestic" Christian thinking is allowed quite familiarly related to the transition to the other world. I. Heyzinga in the book "Fall of medieval" identifies three dominant themes relating to the understanding of death in the European late Middle Ages. "First of all, where all those who filled the world of these magnificent? Next motive precipitate in awe the whole picture of corruption that were once human beauty. And finally, the motif dances of death, involved in a dance for people of all ages and occupations" . When, in the XIV century in European art (literature, painting, drawing and sculpture, theater performances), a theme dances of death, she became a personalized expression of horror, shudder, sticky, freezing fear. "All-powerful religious idea then brings all of this in the moral sphere - II summarizes Heyzinga - brings to a memento mori, willingly subordinating force using fear-based perceptions, painted a horror in front of ghosts. Around the dances of death grouped some related representations associated with death and is also intended to serve as deterrence and edification. Dances of death precedes the appearance of the legend of the three survivors and three dead. Already in the XIII century, it was noted in the French literature: three aristocratic young men suddenly met three heinous dead, decrees them to their former greatness of the earth - and on the fast end, inevitably waiting boys who are still alive. Exceptionally expressive characters frescoes in the Campo Santo in Pisa - the earliest incarnation of this theme in a serious art. In the XV century miniatures and wood make this story public domain, it becomes a widespread in mural painting. " Of course, this does not happen by accident, death is closely linked in the minds of the average person from another ethnic group - the notion of fairness and equality. And it is an image of three dead along with three alive, according to Heyzingi forms a connecting link between the hideous picture of corruption and expressed Dances of Death idea of equality in death. From this position, death takes on a noble color, destroying earthly manifestations of injustice. As govarivali maniheytsy: "When Adam groin, and Eva pryala - who was then the gentleman?"

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