The ethics of death




In general, however, believes Heyzinga, "late medieval religious thought knows only two extremes: the complaint that all the transient, the inevitable loss of strength, honor, worldly pleasures, the disappearance of beauty - and rejoicing over the salvation of soul and attaining eternal bliss. All that lies in between the two, not be expressed. kameneyut Live feelings developed in detail in the ugly images of skeletons and other images of Dances of Death. " The question about the attitude to death has always had an ethical dimension. But long before the late Middle Ages there was a situation where opposition to interpretations of death in western civilization has reached an incredible tension. I am referring to the struggle of traditional Christianity and maniheystva in the first millennium. Polarity with respect to the world reflected in these verah thus: manihei felt cloth, tvarny peace, human flesh, evil and emptiness - good, unlike the Christians, claiming that God's creations can not be carriers of Eternal Darkness, is not denying the importance of sensual pleasures life for the human soul. "The easiest way out for maniheev it would be suicide - writes LN Gumilev - but they have put into their doctrine on the teachings of the relocation of a shower. This means that the death pushes suicide in the new birth, with all its attendant troubles. Therefore, in order to save Dos suggested alternative: attrition flesh or austerity, a level of frenetic, collective depravity, and then loose matter must release the soul from its claws. Only that goal was recognized maniheyami decent, as far as earthly affairs, the morality, of course, is abolished. If the matter - evil, any destruction of it - the benefit, whether it be murder, lies, betrayal... all does not matter. In relation to the subjects of the material world were everything is allowed. This concept of frightened and angry medieval French. Their sound instinct to rebel against logic. System to bend to the phase of the recovery phase to akmaticheskoy faced antisistemoy and left on the earth the ashes of executed... What manihei by the end of the fourteenth century had disappeared from the face of the Earth, it is not surprising, for they, indeed, in this sought. Hate material world, they must beat to hate life itself, therefore, to assert they were not even death, for death - just the time of the change of states, and antizhizn and antimir.

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