The ethics of death

For the stability of any public education requires a clear indication of moral criteria related to the phenomenon of human death. This, along with other nodal points of ethical paradigm helps to keep the company in a dynamic equilibrium of morality, not allowing the exit to the aggressive instincts, uncontrolled mass murders and suicides. In the early ethical systems (brighter in the ancient mythology of Hinduism and Buddhism), death is seen as the result associated with the moral evaluation of a deceased person, his relations with other people, and "higher forces". (That is the ancient Greek goddess Moira, originally just "the mistress of death," gradually extended their patronage to all the important moments of human life.) Therefore, death is associated with a manifestation of one's something evil, or with just retribution for sin or an act of revenge (the fair or unfair) - This is the second question. However, the ancient philosophical tradition has come to consider death as good. Socrates, for example, speaking before the judge sentenced him to death, said: "... it seems in fact that all this [the verdict] was to my benefit, and this can not be that we understand it, believing that death is evil. " In ancient China, the philosopher Yang Zhu (he was 440-360. BC. E.) Focus on the fact that death is a symbol of social justice, for equal for all people: "In life there is a difference - the difference between smart and dumb, notably and low. In death, there is identity - that identity and the stink of decay, disappearance and destruction... and died a decade and the century-old, die and virtuous and wise; die and evil, and stupid. " As the history of civilization for the foreseeable approximately 7 - 8 times radically changed the paradigm of thinking, the moral aspects of attitude to death is constantly updated and reconstructed. Denoting this trend, today's researchers write that "the development of human consciousness in death because of its rejection of the spiritual is increasingly understood not as an end of personal existence, but as a moment of radical change, for which life gets in the sacrament of death, a new substance and is continuing in other forms : displacement in the country of the dead ", the separation of the immortal souls of mortal body, and initiation of its existence to the divine universe, or the transition to a personal afterlife existence.

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