The Death of Philosophy




Later, in the XVII century, rationalism drove Europeans verify algebra harmony - to overcome the fear of death, fear of nonexistence afterlife with the help of mathematics. Naked Faith, even podpertaya Aristotelevoy logic crutches, limping, leaving a feeling of dissatisfaction. The more rapidly the natural sciences, the greater was their success in the practice areas, the stronger would use them to escape from the fear of death. The symbol of this philosophy can serve as Spinoza, proves the existence of God and acts of kindness with the help of mathematical arguments.

Still later, in the Enlightenment, human consciousness was portrayed as an empty vessel into which the experience of faith content of life, including thinking about death. The psychological nuances, of course, depended on the ideological orientation. Deist, unlike Christians, denied the original sin (evil) human nature, which should fail and - death. On the contrary, they believed, a man by nature good and only habitat, poor public relations push him into the arms of a famous Latin proverb "one person dog." This means that death is not retribution, it is possible not to fear neither death, nor the pangs of hell, because God - this is not a personalized understanding of the substance in the Old Testament, but rather a watchmaker, who once built a watch-universe, set off the spring of our world, and ending work... forgot about it. As unceremoniously denied the Holy Trinity and the pantheist, for whom God was dissolved in each piece of the world. Add more philosophical idealism of the XVIII century - and we have mixed picture of the new philosophy of life and death. Philosophy, where, on the one hand, the man recalled that he was only "esophageal tube," as well as its smaller brethren, lishi "infinitely more oblagorozhennoy" (Herder) - but on the other hand, building "the moral law in me "in the absolute (Kant).

XIX century. Then you and Darwin, and Karl Marx and Nietzsche. Lord, let someone just do not! And if you add another hangover from the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars, ponevole head whirl. And if you remember that last Witch: burned in Spain in 1826, and Mexico - already in the 1860-meters, it becomes clear amplitude-century fiction. Some, like the Orthodox holy elder Sarov, pre-produce a coffin own hands, were to death as usual and even joyful dedication. Others (the French actress Sarah Bernhardt), sleeping in a coffin - not the desire epatirovat audience, but just not giving it special significance. Yves while philosophers emotional type (neoempiriki, more precisely, psihoempiriki) did not speak - vopili of death.

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