The Death of Philosophy

In ancient times, when knowledge is not yet split in specialized disciplines, the philosophy of non-resident served as a range of sciences, including psychology. In ancient philosophy relevant to the death is determined by several factors, including the nature, character death. For example, Plato in the dialogue "Timey" said that "the natural and painless death is accompanied by pleasure rather than suffering." The body dies, it is clear. This is not doubted, even the creator of the teachings of the ideas. And what happens to the soul?

The followers of Plato sought truth about the death or the immortality of the soul between the two arguments: either knowledge (consciousness) - is anamnesis life experiences, or the soul - harmony, spokon the current century. The followers of Aristotle held belief in the divine beginning of the world, life forms evolve and die by their own laws. Kiniki spat on those and other, because the idea (the idea) was to them means, and purpose - to life itself (or rather, way of life). For the same reason, the image of death was interesting kinikam death. Kiniki generated stoic with their ostentatious contempt for death, and to some extent influenced the emergence of such institutions of Christianity, as craziness, otshelnichestvo and strannichestvo. Great-grandmother of Christian hermitages were barrel Diogenes. If life's relationships have been formed so that it was impossible to sort them (ie, fair and feasible to perform duty), stoic preferred suicide to end, rather than adding extra chaos to the world. For example, came from Zenon Kitiona and Kleanf.

"Playboy" Epikur struggled with fear of death such speculations: "accustom themselves to the idea that death does not have any relation to us... All the good and evil is the feeling, but death is deprivation of sensation. Therefore, the correct knowledge that the death does not have any relation to us, making life delectable mortality - not because of that it adds to its enormous amount of time, but because it takes away thirst for immortality is stupid... the one who said that he fears death not because it cause suffering, when it comes, but because it causes suffering that will come: because if that is not alarmed by the presence, then vainly mourn, when it is just expected. Thus, the worst of evils, death, does not apply to us any relations, as when we exist, death is not yet present, and when death is present, then we do not exist. Thus, death is not related neither to live nor dead, because for some it does not exist, while others have not exist ".

Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8